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Terms & Definitions
Design Development (DD) - Second of five* phases in a typical architecture project. Learn more here.
Design Intent (DI) - Before details can be fleshed out, a designer must provide the concept. This is achieved through drawings, pictures, and words to try and convey as much information about the intended outcome. Design intent drawings are not meant to be taken as literal fabrication drawings, but rather an idea that can be discussed by the involved parties. Drawings designed for fabrication are usually referred to as “shop drawings.”
Design Language - Intentional decisions that evoke a specific experience. Ie: Material/finish selection, color palette, shapes, grids & guides, structure, etc. The term is used universally across all forms of design.
G.C. - Shorthand for General Contractor. Often used in conversation as well as in design documentation.
Blocking - Supports in construction, often used for support, bracing, or spacing. See examples.
Value Engineering - The process of delivering on the design intent while also increasing the value. Often simplified to the letters “V.E.” There are many reasons why a design may undergo a value engineering process from budget constraints to fabrication challenges.
Ex: Changing finishes to a more economical material to save costs but still have the desired look and feel.
Ex: Changing finishes to one that has a higher material cost, but will save fabrication time and increase the end product’s longevity.
Spec. - Shorthand for specifications
Supply Chain - Network of distributors and suppliers.
Sheet Yield - Sheet-goods (such as plywood) typically have specific dimension (influenced by market demands & usage, shipping & freight, or engineering challenges). Sheet yield takes into account how large the sheet goods are and how many pieces can be made from the stock material. Designers must consider the fact that tools for cutting have a dimension to them (kerf width) and sanding/finishing a material can impact its final dimension. Specific levels of tolerances are important depending on the design intent.
Ex: A 4’ wide material cut in half will not yield two 2’ sections, but rather it will yield two sections that are 2’ minus 1/2 the kerf width. Thus - if you absolutely need the pieces to be exactly 2’-0” wide, you would only be able to get 1 perfectly sized panel per sheet.